A) You must perform a visual inspection of every ladder before Check for any deficiencies such as loose rungs, tops, spreaders, damaged feet (missing non-skid devices); split rails, etc.
B) Select the proper ladder for the task to be Height of the ladder should not require you to stand on the top two rungs a stepladder should not be used as an extension ladder.
C) Proper use of a ladder will insure safer work
- Never use a ladder with damaged or broken steps, rungs, cleats or side rails.
- Never use aluminum ladders around electrical wires.
- Check for overhead electrical wires before raising or lowering ladders. .
- Do no place a ladder at a blind comer or doorway. If set up is necessary in these areas, block or rope off the area.
- Do not try to get additional height from a ladder by placing it on a makeshift or unstable base.
- Extension ladders gain access to an elevated work surface such as a roof top, you must position the ladder with at least 36″ extending above that surface or roof top, secure the ladder against accidental displacement, and position the ladder at an angle so that the height is approximately 4 times the distance to its support. (4 to 1 ratio/distance of feet from the wall in relation to its height/1ft from wall for each 4ft in height).
- Make sure extension ladder locks are fully engaged.
- Never carry tools or material up or down a ladder.
- When using step ladder, never stand on the top step or the top of the ladder. The ladder side latches shall be fully opened.
- Make sure any ladder is on firm level footing.
- You should maintain three point contact with the ladder at all times (i.e. 1 hand and 2 feet or 2 hands and 1 foot). Belt buckle should remain inside the side rails.
- Face the ladder and use either hands when climbing or descending ladder. Do not descend facing away from the ladder.
- Do not run portable electrical leads down ladders nor permit them to cross in front of ladder landings.
- Clean shoes of mud, grease, tar or other substances that could cause a slip or fall, prior to using a ladder.
- Do not ride or climb material hoisting devices or conveyors to gain access to the roof or upper levels.
- Scaffolding should always be erected on a sound rigid base capable of carrying the maximum load without settling or displacement. A scaffolding plank board is most frequently used under the legs, called a mud sill.
- Base plates, either adjustable (screw in type) or fixed non-adjustable type are required on the bottom legs. .
- It is a requirement to tie scaffolding to a building at intervals not to exceed 30 feet horizontally and 26 feet vertically.
- Guard rails and toe boards are required when scaffolding is 10 feet or greater in height and guard rails must be 42″ high and have a mid-rail.
- Scaffolding on casters shall have casters locked when employee is working on such scaffolding. Scaffolds shall not be high than 4 times the minimum dimension.
- Scaffolding on wheels will not be moved with an employee aboard.
- All scaffolding shall have all braces in place prior to use.
- A ladder shall be provided to gain access to the working level of the scaffold when it is two feet or more.
Before use each day or at the beginning of each shift, the aerial platform shall be given a visual inspection and functional test including but not limited to the following:
- Operating and emergency controls (on platform and at base).
- Safety devices (on platform and at base).
- Personal protective devices (on platform).
- Air, hydraulic and fuel system leaks (beneath platform and at base).
- Cables and wiring harness (at platform and base).
- Loose or missing parts (entire unit).
- Tires and wheels.
- Placards, warnings, control markings, and operating manual(s) (entire unit).
- Outriggers, stabilizers, and other structures (at platform and on arms).
- 1 Guardrail system (at platform).
- Items specified by the manufacturer (entire unit).
Before the aerial platform is used and during use, the user and operator shall check the area in which the aerial platform is to be used for possible hazards such as, but not limited to:
- Drop-off or holes.
- Bumps and floor obstructions.
- Overhead obstructions and high voltage conductors.
- Hazardous locations and atmospheres (reference ANSI/NFPA 505-1996)
- Inadequate surface and support to withstand all load forces imposed by the aerial platform in all operating configurations.
- Wind and weather conditions.
- Presence of unauthorized persons.
- Other possible unsafe conditions.
- Items specified by the manufacturer.
PRIOR TO EACH ELEVATION
Before each elevation of the platform, the operator shall ensure;
- Outriggers, stabilizers, extendable axles, or other stability enhancing means, are used as required by the manufacturer.
- Guardrails are installed and access gates or openings are closed per manufacturer’s instructions.
- The load and its distribution on the platform and any platform extension(s) are in accordance with the manufacturer’s rated capacity for that specific configuration.
- All personnel on the aerial platform have appropriate safety gear for the work and environment envisioned.